British Fascial Symposium 2018

Blog v26 2018 “AH-HA moment……”BFS Lecture

Posted by Allissa Harter Thu, June 28, 2018 19:49:30

Blog v26 2018
“AH-HA moment……” by Allissa Harter from Iowa, Living in Sweden
Thursday, June 28th, 2018

The British Fascia Symposium (BFS) of 2018 passed more than one month ago. There were so many ah-ha moments from the preBioTensegrity Conference (BTC) with the outstanding urologist Dr Naill Galloway pelvic floor tensegrity lecture. Then to the British Fascia Symposium’s Dr. Carol Davis. She received a standing ovation on the main stage lecture, “The Role of Mitochrondria, Fascia and Energy in Pain”. Then Daniel Lawrence's isometric exercises for healing tendonpathies, “Tendons Don’t Exist in the World of Fascia”. The weekend was full of awesome learning adventures.

I gave a side lecture followed by a brilliant man Gary Carter. Gary introduced me to a kugel ball and the concept of fascial slings. He has a book coming out September 2018 which will be fascinating and relevant to all body workers, “The Anatomy Slings: Variations in Myofascial Slings & Continuities”. Go to to order your own copy.

He and others are part of the Fascialnet Plastination Project. They are working along side, none other than, Gunter Von Hagen from BodyWorlds to create the world’s first Plastinated Fascial Human. EXCITING!!!

My lecture ‘Fascia: where it lives and what lives in it' will be followed up in a conversation with John Wilks of eHealth Learning on Tuesday, July 3, 2018. We will see where this all goes, I am not holding my breath as the wheels of change grind at an alarmingly slow pace.

What I am excited to tell, is the pinnacle of AH-HA Moments, during Gary Carter’s lecture after mine on Sunday May 13, 2018. He had a skeleton hanging like every geeky science person has hanging in their treatment room. Except this skeleton, had slings attached. The sling went from the hip to the tibia and fibula. Gary unscrewed a few screws and removed the femur. Nothing fell apart. The structure was still standing, hanging, without support of the thigh bone. What?!!!!!!!!!???!!!!!!

The fascial slings were holding the skeleton together.

Well, if that can happen, then why does the human body have bones? What purpose are bones if the fascial slings can and do support and transmit force across muscles and the body? The bones actually float, per Orthopedist Stephen Levin, MD.

With the idea of biotensegrity, the function of bone is not really being a lever or a fulcrum. Our Science for the last 100 years may need to be re-evaluated. On to the AH-HA moment, the newest lecture: Fascia is a Fold of Biofilm; Bone is the Kernel.

Dr Naill Galloway
Order Book: “Seeking Symmetry”

Carol Davis, DPT, EdD, MS, FAPTA (10 minute clip)
"The Miraculous Discoveries of Fascia and Movement - A Profound Look at the Extracellular Matrix”
Polestar Pilates Education - Published on Dec 8, 2013

Stephen M. Levin, MD

BLOG v26A - review of Jante's LawBFS Lecture

Posted by Allissa Harter Wed, June 27, 2018 09:38:32

Blog v26A - 2018
“A review of Jante's Law #9 and Nicklas” by Allissa Harter from Iowa, Living in Sweden
Wednesday, June 27th, 2018

This is a follow up to a previous Blog:
“Pause…Blog A. Law of Jante #9” written Friday, March 16, 2018

In Nordic countries there is the Law of Jante. A Danish author, Aksel Nielsen, wrote a fictional story in 1933, and these laws became part of the Scandinavian drinking water.

Law #9: You are not to think anyone cares about you.

I saw Nicklas on Thursday April 26, 2018 days prior to the British Fascia Symposium (BFS). Nicklas was going to see his primary care provider to get the blood test results from his 2nd blood test of B12 levels done on February 20th and to discuss a date for his right hand carpal tunnel surgery. He had carpal tunnel surgery a year prior on May 4th on his left hand.

On Monday, May 14, I returned from the BFS. I was full of excitement and possibilities. Some excitement dwindled, an unexpected kick to the stomach happened on Wednesday, May 16th. The forum for my new education of MELT Hand and Foot classes were cancelled. Wellness Corner, the outlet to be used, announced bankruptcy.

Upon seeing Nicklas May 17th, the excitement came back. His recent visit to the doctor revealed B12 blood test results from the February test to be 300; almost double the test from December 2017 of 131. Upon the Dec 2017 visit, Nicklas started a prescribption of Behepan, cyanokobalamin, man made B12. The scale in Sweden for ideal B12 is between 150-500.

Nicklas was standing in front of me, pain free in the neck. He stated that his legs felt more stable and able to support him. His right heel spur and low back were the current issues, could we address those areas today?

“REALLY?!” I said, “Wow! You are doing very well.” Yes, he had been walking without canes for a while. In fact, he could not remember the last time he used them. His hands had been giving him fits of pain, but the doctors were discussing carpal tunnel surgery on the right hand to remedy the issue.

“Nicklas……… do you realize, I have not seen you this way since we met in March 2017? Why do you think you are doing so well?” A shrug was the answer.

“Could it be, your B12 levels are finally at a better level than before?” I asked. “Perhaps.” he responded.

FAST FORWARD to June 21, 2018….. “WHAT?!” I exclaimed!

After our last appointment on the 17th of May, Nicklas’ B12 prescription had run out. There were no more refills. It had been possibly 3 or 4 weeks without taking supplemental B12.

On June 21, 2018, Nicklas walked in with a back brace. He needed it to walk, to sit, to support him, and to get up from a sitting position. UGH! WHAT?

Perhaps I want it to be so simple as to disminish his pain with something like B12. But take a look at what B12 is…..our microbes inside of us make it. Cyankobalamin is man made B12 made from fermenting bacteria. We take it orally in more concentrated doses and the body functions better.

HOW is a massage therapist supposed to help a body, if the body does not have what it needs to function at the certain level?! Why am I so frustrated about this???!

One, angry at medicine for not Seeing Beyond the Light. Perhaps carpal tunnel surgery is the answer for his hand, but a year later and his left hand scar feels like razor blades cutting him when he moves his wrist in a certain direction. TWO, his doctor should listen better and educate him more. A doctor is a teacher, Latin verb docēre ’to teach’. In Swedish en läkare, a doctor eller en lärare, a teacher. Same, same, but different.


see Blog 11- for more info of bacterial fermentation of B12
Blog #11 - Sunday 18 mars 2018
"Bacteria and the Human Eye"

BLOG 20 - Somanauts, Find KeysBFS Lecture

Posted by Allissa Harter Tue, May 08, 2018 06:25:47

Blog 20 -
"Somanauts, Find Keys"

Gil Hedley coined the term somanaut. Like an astronaut or cosmonaut, a somanaut is someone who through training explores the inner space of the human body. The following links are doors to new Kingdoms. Choose one or all for a journey beyond structure to the nanoscale world of the small, the numerous, and the beautiful.

Lycka Till - Enjoy the exploration - See you on the other side,
Allissa from Iowa, Living in Sweden

***Interstitium aka: Perifascia: Gil Hedley dissects "the fuzz" on camera.1
somanaut - Published on Mar 28, 2018

In this clip Gil Hedley, Ph.D. of demonstrates with on camera dissection the tissue being heralded in the news and "Nature" as "interstitium," which he calls “perifascia”.

***“Quorum Sensing and its Control” Bonnie L. Bassler
Karolinska Research Lectures: Research Lecture at Nobel Forum
karolinskainstitutet - Published on Nov 9, 2016

@27:25 - “A postdoc in the lab, name X, a physicist said basically, ‘Bonnie this is an optics problem. Let’s just solve it.’ So we did. So what he did was he built a custom confocal microscope. In which every button on the microscope is for imaging tiny objects, he reduced the photo toxicity because mostly what happens is you kill the cells when you try to image them. And then he also wrote these custom algorithms that allowed him to segment the cells and tell who was who. And so now, I will show you what he got. What we can do now, is we can watch these biofilms develop cell by cell - from the founder cell all the way up to about ten or fifteen thousand cells.”

@42:35 -
Microbiome cells - one of the substrates they live on is mucin. That is the mucus that covers our intestinal cells.

***Follow Your Gut: Microbiomes and Aging with Rob Knight - Research on Aging
University of California Television (UCTV) [Show ID: 31371] - Published on Mar 6, 2017

Rob Knight explores the unseen microbial world that exists literally right under our noses -- and everywhere else on (and in) our bodies. He discusses the important influence the microbiome may have on the aging process and many end-of-life diseases.
Series: "Stein Institute for Research on Aging”. (Visit:

@ 29:34 Question
: How can we map our microbiomes?
@ 35:42 Question: How do we start our journeys through this microbiome map?

***Feed Your Microbes - Nurture Your Mind | John Cryan
TEDx Talks - Published on Jul 11, 2017

@2:12 -
We are living in a microbial world. These trillions of bacteria that are that are within us and on us are really shaping a lot of what we do for example in terms of genes we are 99% microbial. It's quite humbling. The Human Genome Project is 1%”

@2:45 - 18 months ago, I would have told you that we have 10 times more microbial cells than we do human cells but this is a really fast moving field with changes in technology and mathematical models happening all the time and so more recently this ten-to-one has been downsized to 1.3 to one in the microbes favor.

Bacteria in your gut can change your mind? This is what John wants to bring to the forefront of modern microbiology. Understanding the internal biosphere of each individual has in them today can lead to the creation of a simple capsule can cure bowl illnesses.

He is also a Principal Investigator at the APC Microbiome Institute and was elected a Member of the Royal Irish Academy in 2017. He was a visiting fellow at the Dept Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Australia, which was followed by postdoctoral fellowships at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA and The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California. He spent four years at the Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research in Basel Switzerland, as a LabHead prior to joining UCC in 2005.

His current research is focused on understanding the interaction between brain, gut & microbiome, and how it applies to stress, psychiatric and immune-related disorders at key time-windows across the lifespan.

In 2017 he received a Research Mentor Award from the American Gastroenterology Association and the Tom Connor Distinguished Scientist Award from Neuroscience Ireland. He was a TEDMED speaker in 2014 and is currently President-elect of the European Behavioral Pharmacology Society.

***The hidden brain in your skin | Claudia Aguirre
TEDx Talks - Published on Jul 7, 2015

We have all heard of the phrase “beauty is skin deep”, suggesting skin has a rather superficial role in who we are. But what if that is not true? Claudia Aguirre tells us about the "hidden brain" in our skin and the surprising things it reveals about our mental health.

Claudia Aguirre is a Neuroscientist, Skincare Expert, Spokesperson and Lecturer, UCLA Alumni, and TEDMED contributor.

Fascia: where it lives and what lives in it. BFS Lecture

Posted by Allissa Harter Mon, May 07, 2018 21:17:08

Last blog entry by Allissa Harter
"Fascia: where it lives and what lives in it."
måndag den 7 may 2018

This lecture will present a unique view of the fascial web under the skin and between the organs and present key visual aids from researchers, medical doctors, scientists, and others.

The lecture will provoke the audience through awe and possible disgust to question and view the fascia and extracellular matrix as a living organism in its own dimension.

More than 4,000 years ago, the theory of the four humors of the human body (black bile, yellow bile, phlegm, and blood) dominated Egyptian thought. It passed into Greek, Roman, and Islamic medicine and eventually became the underpinning of Western medicine until the mid-19th century. (Mütter Museum in Philadelphia,

Are we ready to Turn the Page of Medicine? Let us take a look at the Fascia and who or what lives in it?

I grew up being told facts. As I grew up, these facts became the “Thinking of Yesterday”. The reason facts become myths is because there is someone or many someone’s asking questions. Really? Are we certain? How can that be? Let us test the facts!

Elon Musk’s 1st Principles Analysis: Take the most fundamental truths in a particular arena, almost indisputably correct, reason up from there to a conclusion. And if one sees that the conclusion is at odds with most opinion, then one has an opportunity.

John Lewis’ book, ‘A.T. Still, from Dry Bones to the Living Man’ is one of the most influential books to read from front to back and back to front. The more Dr. Still understood about the human body, the more he could help people. In his time, medicine could kill as well as addict those who were prescribed a remedy. He wanted to pass along his knowledge. All were welcome to attend his school, women and men, lay people and professionally trained medical people alike. Those who could pay tuition and those who could not pay were also welcomed.

There was a requirement: a passion to help others find health.

Dr. Still, M.D. indicated working with Fascia is working with the branch offices of the Brain. In 6 short lectures at the British Fascial Symposium, we will look for the keys to the Kingdom.

1 Entrainment - Senses - Interoception Matthew Sanford
2 Oscillations
3 Genes & Twins
4 Bones / stones
5 Fluid flow
6 TITTA och LYSSNA is Swedish for Look and Listen

Wk 19 - Blog 19 - Fluid Where the Fascia LivesBFS Lecture

Posted by Allissa Harter Mon, May 07, 2018 16:56:34

“Fascia: where it lives and what lives in it.”

Blog #19 - måndag den 7 maj 2018
“Fluid where the Fascia Lives”
count down to Week #19, 13 of May 2018 - British Fascial Symposium lecture

Remember the last time your body was fighting the flu (see Blog 7)? It sucked! The whole body ached. There was no energy. Viruses like to high-jack the DNA and RNA which live inside most of our cells. Strange enough, a mature Red Blood Cell is called a cell, yet it has no nucleus, therefore no DNA nor RNA (funny thing is a virus has no DNA nor RNA either).

One can think the flu virus does this:
One day Billy Blast is swimming in honey. Daddy DNA and Robin RNA live inside Billy Blast. They tell him what to do. Billy Blast being very young and inexperienced listen to Daddy DNA and Robin RNA without question. When a Victorian Gown Virus swims up in front of Billy Blast and says try me on, Billy Blast gladly does so. The Victorian Gown Virus then hypnotizes Billy’s DNA or RNA.

Viruses are very good at this as they have no DNA nor RNA of their own (like a mature RBC). Science is using this greedy behavior to program viruses with good instructions for the cell. It seems to have some promising affects to help fight cancer and more.

Science also using something called basic Fibroblastic Growth Factor to help people with Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) to heal the eye and see again. AMD can affect 700,000 people, of those people 10% are the wet form. The method Professor Pete Coffey discusses on the Naked Scientist is targeting the wet form. Like a master chef in a kitchen, an exquisite recipe of a basic Fibroblastic Growth Factor and stem cells are combined to create a Specific Cell Type. The dying part of the eye can be brought back to life.

This all happens in a fluid based system. It is worth revisiting Joint Conference: Acupuncture, Oncology & Fascia from November 2015. Melody Swartz, PhD is at the Panel Discussion and has a side lecture as well. She makes a comment about bacteria; it intrigues me. “…all the bacterial products, you know, billions are turning over every day. And the bacterial cell walls are all lipids. So, they must go into the lymphatics.”

The lymphatic system which Olaus Rudbeck the Elder shared with Queen Christina of Sweden all those years ago, comes back to the research of today. And it is the fluid where the Fascia lives.

Almost there……what lives in Fascia is next
Allissa from Iowa, Living in Sweden

Naked Scientists Senses Month:
The Science of Sight
“When vision goes wrong: age-related macular degeneration”
Interview with Professor Pete Coffey, UCL and Moorfields Eye Hospital
Segment - age related macular degeneration 10 April 2018

Pete - It does. In age-related macular degeneration those cells which support the seeing part, the neural retina, die. There’s a number of reasons why that occurs but, effectively, because those cells die the seeing part of the eye no longer has the nutrients, etc. and therefore, over time, it itself dies. What we’ve engineered is making those eye cells, those support cells which are called retinal pigment epithelium, and we put them back in exactly the same format as they are at the back of the eye. So they’re in a single layer, on a carpet of cells, which we’ve surgically then implanted into the back of the eyes of those patients, and they’ve been there now for nearly 2½ years.
Katie - That does not sound like an easy process, so what was involved in creating these cells from these stem cells?
Pete - Actually, it is an easy process. I get very embarrassed about that particular position, because most people who are trying to make a specific cell from a stem cell have gone through a very difficult process, so people who are trying to make cells for Parkinson’s disease, or heart cells, or liver cells. Literally, all we have to do is take one component out of the fluid in which we keep cells and that’s just one component. It’s called basic fibroblast growth factor and then the cells spontaneously make the eye cells that we want.

Fibroblastic Growth Factor (
A defining property of fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) is that they bind to heparin and heparan sulfate thus some of them are found to be sequestered in the extracellular matrix of tissues that contains heparan sulfate proteoglycans and they are released locally upon injury or tissue remodeling.[1] In humans, 22 members of the FGF family have been identified, all of which are structurally related signaling molecules:[2][3][4]

Panel Discussion, OSHER Joint Conference - Nov. 2015
Osher Center for Integrative Medicine - Published on Feb 17, 2016

Melody Swartz, PhD -
William B. Ogden Professor, Institute of Molecular Engineering, U of Chicago, IL
@ 31:05-31:54 -
“All dietary lipid is taken up exclusively by lymphatics.” “With food, tolerance is taken up by the liver. The liver promotes tolerance to food antigens”

“…all the bacterial products, you know, billions are turning over every day. And the bacterial cell walls are all lipids. So, they must go into the lymphatics.”

Melody Swartz, PhD (Speaker 7): Joint Conference: Acupuncture, Oncology & Fascia
Lymphatics and Cancer Biology
@ 03:02 - “Lymphatic vessels transport fluid and cells from periphery to lymph node…” “if they don’t work, you swell.”

@ 06:27-07:00 - “We also have to remember, there is a lot of stuff in lymph, and it is not just extra cellular fluid that leaked out of the plasma. It is basically information rich. It has all the information of the tissue it drains. You have almost 1000 lymph nodes in the body. Each cluster drains one particular tissue. And it contains all the information from that tissue; the proteins in extra-cellular matrix and the self-antigens even infection to create tolerance to these items.”

@ 09:09-9:34 - “With the lymphatic system, it is not simply a transport system, but it is really an integrated part of all your organ systems. It is part of the circulation, it is part of the metabolism, it is where all lipids are absorbed from your diet, it is part of the immune system, it is even part of your salt balance. And people are finding now, that salt for example, is regulated in skin actively by lymphatic vessels. So it helps with homeostasis.

Medical Definition of self-antigen
: any molecule or chemical group of an organism which acts as an antigen in inducing antibody formation in another organism but to which the healthy immune system of the parent organism is tolerant

Wk 18 - Blog 18e - Objection! No Rule ChangeBFS Lecture

Posted by Allissa Harter Sat, May 05, 2018 07:09:48

“Fascia: where it lives and what lives in it.”

Blog #18e - lördag den 5 maj 2018
“Objection! No Rule Change”
count down to Week #19, 13 of May 2018 - British Fascial Symposium lecture.

When the rules are changed, many object. This was true for Ignaz Semmelweis who was released from employment at Vienna General Hospital in 1847-8. He encouraged students to wash their hands with calcium hypochlorite after examining corpses and before delivering a baby.

He endured 20 years of being ridiculed for the crazy idea of cleanliness, then he was institutionalized. There he died of sepsis in 1865. Today, calcium hypochlorite is commonly used to sanitize public swimming pools and disinfect drinking water. (

Being ridiculed, harassed and almost deported from the USA was the experience of our modern day researcher: Dr. Bennet Omalu. Despite a resume which runs 53 pages, his credentials and education were not enough to convince others of his word.

Change grinds at a tragic and slow pace. Many families suffer in the interim.

As change goes, so does academic excellence: Jeff Iliff and Maiken Nedergaard no longer work at the University of Rochester Medical Center where the team coined the term Glymphatics.

Like other medical sciency people Professor Iliff has a lot of titles, and like other innovators, he is busy. In between publishing papers and receiving awards. Jeff Iliff was able to step away from Oregon Health and Sciences University to deliver a TED Talk at TEDMED in 2014, "One more reason to get a good night’s sleep" (see below)

Blog 18b indicated, the research of Fascia is bursting. Yet other professions have not traveled across the bridge. How can we include more researchers and scientists to be involved and jump on the train?

What if we changed two statements from Professor Jeff Iliff at 06:00 minutes. Would this make others more interested in the importance of their own fascia? Italicized words are additional.

“Yet the
fascial tissues, they extend from the surface of the body around to reach every single cell in the brain and the body.”

“And what's amazing is that no other organ system takes quite this approach to clearing away the waste from between its cells. This is a solution that is entirely unique to the brain and the branch offices of the brain, the fascia.”

Thank you and see you at the BFS 2018,
Allissa from Iowa, Living in Sweden

Curriculum Vitae and Bibliography - Part 1, Part 2, Part 3 and Part 4
Anatomic Pathologist/ Clinical Pathologist/ Forensic Pathologist/ Neuropathologist/ Epidemiologist Associate Clinical Professor of Pathology, University of California, Davis [UC-Davis]
Chief Medical Examiner, San Joaquin County, California
Co-Founder, TauMark, Inc, Better Brain Diagnostics
Founder, Bennet Omalu Pathology [BOP], Inc.,MBA,MPH,CPE,CurriculumVitaeAndTestimonies,August2015.pdf

One more reason to get a good night’s sleep | Jeff Iliff
TED TALK - Published on Oct 13, 2014
San Francisco, CA - 11:41 minutes
@ 05:00 “…the fluid and the waste from inside the brain, they don't just percolate their way randomly out to these pools of CSF. Instead, there is a specialized network of plumbing that organizes and facilitates this process. You can see that in these videos. Here, we're again imaging into the brain of living mice.”
@ 05:30 “…that the fluid on the outside of the brain, it didn't stay on the outside. Instead, the CSF was pumped back into and through the brain along the outsides of the blood vessels, and as it flushed down into the brain along the outsides of these vessels, it was actually helping to clear away, to clean the waste from the spaces between the brain's cells.”
@ 06:00 “the brain is enclosed in a rigid skull and it's packed full of cells, so there is no extra space inside it for a whole second set of vessels like the lymphatic system. Yet the blood vessels, they extend from the surface of the brain down to reach every single cell in the brain, which means that fluid that's traveling along the outsides of these vessels can gain easy access to the entire brain's volume, so it's actually this really clever way to repurpose one set of vessels, the blood vessels, to take over and replace the function of a second set of vessels, the lymphatic vessels, to make it so you don't need them. And what's amazing is that no other organ takes quite this approach to clearing away the waste from between its cells. This is a solution that is entirely unique to the brain.”

Jeffrey J. Iliff Ph.D. -
Associate Professor of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine School of Medicine
Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine School of Medicine
Vice Chair of Basic Science Research Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine School of Medicine
Neuroscience Graduate Program School of Medicine

*"Effects of traumatic brain injury on reactive astrogliosis and seizures in mouse models of Alexander disease." Brain Research In: , Vol. 1582, 25.09.2014, p. 211-219.
*"The spectrum of neurobehavioral sequelae after repetitive mild traumatic brain injury : A novel mouse model of chronic traumatic encephalopathy." Journal of Neurotrauma In: , Vol. 31, No. 13, 01.07.2014, p. 1211-1224.
*“ 'Hit & Run' model of closed-skull traumatic brain injury (TBI) reveals complex patterns of post-traumatic AQP4 dysregulation." Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism In: , Vol. 33, No. 6, 06.2013, p. 834-845.
*"Sleep drives metabolite clearance from the adult brain." Science In: , Vol. 342, No. 6156, 2013, p. 373-377.

Wk 18 - Blog 18d - Keys in the BrainBFS Lecture

Posted by Allissa Harter Fri, May 04, 2018 16:38:32

“Fascia: where it lives and what lives in it.”

Blog #18d - fredag den 4 maj 2018
“Keys in the Brain”
count down to Week #19, 13 of May 2018 - British Fascial Symposium lecture

My philosophy professor, Dr. John Pauley, at Simpson College in Indianola, Iowa confounded me often. His class was the most challenging. I could no longer find the answer in the book, nor memorize the text. I had to develop my own answer, then support the answer. UGH! It was the most difficult class I had ever taken. IF a tree falls in the woods, and no one is there, does it still make a sound? IF no one hears it, then the sound does NOT exist.

But the sound does exist! My entrained senses say: If something falls, it makes a sound. We live in gravity. Just because no one is there to witness it, the sound still happens.

With new technology, Maiken Nedergaard’s team saw something which has existed since the beginning of humanity. They dubbed a NEW system “the Glymphatic System” in 2012. The technology, known as two-photon microscopy, allowed the team to look at the flow of blood, CSF, and other substances in the brain of a living animal.

The Glymphatic System acts much like the Lymphatic System but is managed by brain cells known as glial cells. The team made the findings in mice, whose brains are remarkably similar to the human brain. Finally, the team could see the sleeping brain and see a network of channels in the brain whose purpose is to eliminate toxins using cerebrospinal fluid as we sleep.

Maiken Nedergaard is a Danish neuroscientist who discovered the Glymphatic System while working at the University of Rochester Medical Center. She is now a professor at University of Copenhagen's Center of Basic and Translational Neuroscience. (wikipedia Maiken Nedergaard).

The “thinking of pre-2012” was that the body has a Lymphatic System, but the brain has no Lymphatic Vessels; therefore, it has no cleansing system. (see Blog 15 - Human Body 101 and Blog 3 - Olaus Rudbeck the Elder).

Dr. Sara “Sally” Sutton discussed this fact with me during our one of my many osteopathic treatments when I lived in Iowa. Her MET style of osteopathic treatment was so light and powerful, my center of gravity was corrected every time I saw her. Afterward, she fed me delicious meals. She is a brilliant wizard in the kitchen.

Dr. Sally is a wizard to many people, namely her patients, her medical students, and to me. Not a wizard in the black magic sense nor in the Salem Witch Trial sense of the words ‘gifted woman’ or ‘outspoken female’. She is more like the perceptive and wise Professor Albus Dumbledore at Hogwarts.

Dr. Sally Sutton is hardly fiction. She is a REAL pioneer. A woman through her own life, clearly went beyond the “Thinking of the Day” to reach for a new goals. As a student in 1953, she was one of two female students at Des Moines Still College of Osteopathy and Surgery, now DMU in Des Moines, Iowa USA.

“I didn’t mind the teasing, but I greatly resented the profanity.” Dr Sutton said.

I remember one of her many stories, when we discussed my concussions. She had volunteered as the team doctor for the local high school football team. For the non-American’s reading, not fútbol which Americans call soccer. The American Football Game is the sport where the goal is to forcibly run over the person carrying the ball. One friday night during a game, a student was knocked unconscious from a tackle. He was benched on the sidelines. Being one of the better players, the coach needed him back in the game. Dr. Sally looked directly at the coach and said firmly, “Coach, if you put that boy back in the game against my medical opinion and advice, I will walk off this field and not return.” The coach put the teenage boy back in the game. Dr. Sally walked off the field forever; very sad for the boy’s future.

Dr. Sally made her stand nearly 20 years before Dr. Bennet Omalu. Dr. Omalu came to the USA from Nigeria. One day in 2002, a middle aged man who died of heart failure arrived on Dr. Omalu’s autopsy table. “Iron Mike” played 24 of his 50 years for the Pittsburgh Steelers. Mike Webster’s brain looked healthy at first glance, but to Dr. Omalu - Iron Mike’s brain held keys deep inside.

Dr. Omalu was an outsider of the American Football religion when he studied the brains of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) in American Football Players. The question was strong in Dr. Omalu’s own mind: Why, oh why…would a famous, well-loved, wealthy American Football player die homeless, penniless, and physically deformed from self inflicted wounds?

Enjoy reading more, thank you,
Allissa from Iowa, Living in Sweden

“Concussion” by Jeanne Marie Laskas
“Truth Doesn't Have a Side: My Alarming Discovery about the Danger of Contact Sports” by Bennet Omalu.

Dr Bennet Omalu et al - 1st paper on CTE
Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy in a National Football League Player
Bennet I. Omalu, M.D., M.P.H. Steven T. DeKosky, M.D. Ryan L. Minster, M.S.I.S. M Ilyas Kamboh, Ph.D. Ronald L. Hamilton, M.D. Cyril H. Wecht, M.D., J.D.
Neurosurgery, Volume 57, Issue 1, 1 July 2005, Pages 128–134,
Published: 01 July 2005

Movie: Concussion

More Pioneer credentials for Dr. Sally:
Sara “Sally” Sutton, D.O. raised some eyebrows when she invited two DMU students to attend the AAO annual convocation in 1969. The unprecedented move also raised interest among students of the nation’s then-five osteopathic campuses, prompting the AAO board to allow students to attend the event if they paid tuition to do so.
Now, more students than graduate physicians attend the convocation, eager to learn osteopathic manual medicine (OMM) and muscle energy technique from experienced and often famous doctors.

Scientists Discover Previously Unknown Cleansing System in Brain
Newer Imaging Technique Brings ‘Glymphatic System’ to Light
Wednesday, August 15, 2012

Wk 18 - blog 18c - Pioneers Find KeysBFS Lecture

Posted by Allissa Harter Fri, May 04, 2018 16:25:56

“Fascia: where it lives and what lives in it.”

Blog #18c - torsdag den 3 maj 2018
“Pioneers Find Keys”
count down to Week #19, 13 of May 2018 - British Fascial Symposium lecture

Malcolm Gladwell has interesting books. I remember listening to Blink. Many times, I stopped the recording and rewound it. I had to listen once, twice, thrice. There is a TED Talk with him and a 2013 book with a similar story about giants. David and Goliath: Underdogs, Misfits, and the Art of Battling Giants.

David and Goliath is a story of “an arrogant BIG dude who thinks he is fighting a sword fight, and David changes the rules! A paper written by an Israeli endocrinologist, suggests Goliath had a rare medical condition which causes a giant to loose their eyesight.” says Gladwell. Giants lose “because they cannot SEE!! …. They lose the ability to properly appreciate the WORLD around them.”

Looking Under the Light is one way to see the world around us (Blog #2 - Dr Findley). Pioneers come along and change the rules. In doing so, Pioneers find Keys.

David Lesondak’s book “FASCIA: What it is and Why it Matters” page 93 and 99, discusses a pioneer who changed the rules and found the keys with Schwann cells. Schwann cells were thought to be inert stuffing in between neurons attached along axons. R. Douglas Fields changed the “Thinking of the Day” in one experiment.

Science is full of Oops moments (see Michael Rosbash in Blog 9, Sir Alexander Fleming and Ignaz Semmelweis in Blog 14). Low and behold, glial cells are more important than believed for 50 years. Schwann cells are glial cells living outside the brain and central nervous system. Thank you, R. Douglas Fields from the NIH. (

Naked Scientist Podcast from Cambridge University discussed Schwann cells in an interview with another pioneer. Professor Alison Lloyd who works at the University College London. Professor Lloyd states peripheral nerve cell damage can be healed by Schwann cells. The healing brings back sensation and movement.

Schwann cells are able to migrate out of a severed nerve across a bridge of tissue. As they travel, they take the axons they are attached to with them. Like dragging a broken foot to the hospital, one limp at a time. Schwann cells NEED a track or a bridge of tissue to travel along. In Professor Lloyds example, a blood vessel is the surface Schwann cells use as a bridge.

The folks in the Fascia Research Arena consider Fascia relevant. But as I listen to other scientists, doctors, colleagues, etc, I rarely come across Fascia in their discussions.

Do other science disciplines see Fascia as being a train track or a bridge or inert packing material? If one could change the tissue type in Professor Lloyd’s example to say….. fascia is the surface Schwann cells use as a bridge, would other professions start listening?

A few more blogs to go,
Allissa from Iowa, Living in Iowa
. (August 17, 2015)