British Fascial Symposium 2018

British Fascial Symposium 2018

Week 17 - Interoception - Forskning i Framkant

BFS LecturePosted by Allissa Harter Sun, April 29, 2018 08:25:50

“Fascia: where it lives and what lives in it.”

Blog #17 - 29 april 2018
“Interoception - Forskning i Framkant
count down to Week #19, 13 of May 2018 - British Fascial Symposium lecture

I emailed Dr. Splichal on August 8, 2017 to ask her some questions on Interoception after watching her insightful webinar. I asked if I could reference her free lecture regarding Interoception. She agreed. On YouTube, one can find great self work she prescribes in her podiatry practice to patients.

Dr. Emily Splichal was kind enough to send me her Webinar 1 of 3 for my research purposes. To find more about her and her work “Intro to Interoception", see

Interoception The Emotional Side of Fascia with Dr Emily Splichal
EBFAFitness - Published on Jul 6, 2017
Mind body awareness is more complex than just kinesthetic and proprioceptive awareness. Research shows that we also have an emotional side to body awareness called interoception. Interoception or the emotional side of body awareness is actually linked to our myofascial system and makes up 80% of the peripheral nerves found in our fascia. Join Dr Emily as she explores the emotional side to fascial fitness programs and how important this information is to all health and movement specialists.

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What is interesting about Interoception is the change of what has been taught over the years, versus the truth. A.D. (Bud) Craig, PhD spent years trying to correct the “Thinking of Today” with the “Thinking of uhhhhh, no it is not ! ”.

Forskning i Framkant
is lecture series from Linköping University Hospital in Sweden. It translates to “Science on the Cutting Edge”. The lecture series is mentioned in Blog #15 “Thinking of Today: Did NOT support Matthew Sanford.”

Knowing the results of Dr. Craig et. al., work will make me ecstatic. Ohhhhh the places the future will go! Spännande!!! Exciting!!!!

I hope, for the sake of my daughter, the future of medicine will have answers to why depression occurs and how to fix it. Bud Craig in the lecture above mentions treatment resistant depression. Stimulation of the left vagus nerve is important to dampen the right anterior Insula.

Time is salient on this paper. Time can stand still. Time cannot wait for the end of my writing. According to Malcolm Gladwell, knowing the ending of the story, helps to tell the beginning and middle. So now to complete the journey with you.

Let us learn more about the “Branch Offices of the Brain” as A.T. Still wrote in the 1900s.

Thank you for reading,
Allissa from Iowa, Living in Sweden

How do you feel? Seminar by Bud Craig in Swedish Series: Forskning i Framkant
October 8, 2009
Dr. Bud Craig lectures at the Neurological University Hospital in Linköping, Sweden. Research with colleague Anders Blomqvist et al is discussed.

Anders Blomqvist
- Linköping University Hospital
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine (IKE) Divison of Neurobiology (NEUROB)
@03:15 minutes in Dr. Craig’s lecture “How Do You Feel?”
Anders Blomqvist states, “Dr. Craig described - rather discovered that pain sensations were processed by separate discreet neurons in the spinal cord and in the brain stem…..His work on the nociceptive system was a paradigm shift. It shifted our view on how the nociceptive system is organized.”

If one wants a scientific understanding of _x_, watch at time code:
@29:29 Interoception (dynamic exercise stimulates Insula);
@34:56 Limbic Motor Cortex communicates with Right Anterior Insula “This is where humans engendger their own feelings.”
@42:42 Auditory, Visual, Vestibular systems feed into INTEROCEPTION areas
@43:15 “The brain uses 25% of the energy budget of the entire body.”
@46:00 Dementia / Alzheimer’s Disease
@47:00 Representation of Self and Time; Who ME is; the Integration of Saliency
@47:57 Jumping out of an airplane - Time stands still
@50:00 Depression / Stroke / Happiness - 2 sides of brain
@53:32 Homeostasis
@54:09 Stimulation of Left Vagus Nerve - epileptic seizures and depression
@54:29 Activation of Left Anterior Insula causes DE-activation of Right Anterior Insula
@54:40 Breathing slowly - tests homeostasis theory
@55:30 Experiment in press of Ecstatic Seizure of epileptic patient (Picard & Craig 2009)

"How Do you Feel?" with Dr. Bud Craig
- Functional Neuroanatomist
July 28, 2015
Ginger Campbell MD produces the Brain Science Podcast, exploring how recent scientific discoveries are unraveling age-old mysteries, such as intelligence, emotions, personality, and memory.

Commentary by A.D. (Bud) Craig, Ph.D. May 2011 referencing 2009 ARTICLE:
Author: Craig, AD
Journal: NAT REV NEUROSCI, 10 (1): 59-70, JAN 2009

The insula is physically hidden beneath the overlying folds of parietal and temporal cortex that form the Sylvian fissure, and so it has often been simply ignored. My paper describes how the insula substantializes human feelings from the body, and it highlights new evidence indicating that the insula may engender all feelings, and even awareness.

I am a functional neuroanatomist who spent years using single-unit electrophysiological and high-resolution tract-tracing methods to map a novel pathway in primates for feelings from the body, such as temperature, pain, itch, muscle ache, and so on. The terminus of this pathway in the dorsal posterior insula, which provides a primary cortical image of these affective feelings, had not been glimpsed in earlier work.

Eventually, I realized that the spinal and brainstem components of this pathway can be viewed as the long-missing sensory complement of the autonomic nervous system, and that the evolutionary appearance of the phylogenetically novel cortical projection in primates provides a high-resolution interoceptive (or homeostatic) sensory representation of the physiological condition of the body—that is, "how you feel.”

Based on our original positron emission tomography (PET) imaging study of brain activation during feelings of cool temperatures, which validated this pathway in humans, I had suggested in an earlier article that integration within the insula leads to re-representations in the anterior insula that correlate with human awareness of affective feelings, consistent with the well-known James-Lange theory of emotion.

In the field of pain research, my functional anatomical findings constituted a paradigm shift that fundamentally contradicted long-standing views, and accordingly resulted in considerable resistance from leaders in the field, as well as funding difficulties. Similarly, although the model for awareness I proposed in this paper resonates with investigators across many fields, particular prominent authors who have different opinions regarding consciousness have chosen to ignore or deny these views.

AD. (Bud) Craig, Ph.D.
Atkinson Research Scientist
Barrow Neurological Institute
Phoenix, AZ, USA